Abdominal Pain - Female
Abdominal Pain - Male
Acne
Animal or Human Bite
Antibiotics: When Do They Help
Arm Injury
Arm Pain
Asthma Attack
Athlete's Foot
Back Pain
Bed Bug Bite
Bee or Yellow Jacket Sting
Blisters
Bottle-Feeding Formula Questions
Breast-Feeding Questions
Breath-holding Spell
Bruise
Bruises and Cuts
Burn
Chest Pain
Chickenpox
Circumcision Problems
Colds
Constipation
Cough
Coughs: Meds or Home Remedies
Cracked or Dry Skin
Cradle Cap
Croup
Crying Baby - Before 3 Months Old
Crying Child - 3 Months and Older
Cut, Scrape, or Bruise
Diaper Rash
Diarrhea
Diarrhea Diseases From Travel
Dizziness
Drinking Fluids - Decreased
Dry Skin
Ear - Congestion
Ear - Discharge
Ear - Injury
Ear - Pulling At or Rubbing
Ear - Swimmer's
Ear Infection Questions
Earache
Earwax Buildup
Ebola Exposure
Eczema
Emergency Symptoms Not to Miss
Eye - Allergy
Eye - Foreign Body or Object
Eye - Injury
Eye - Pus or Discharge
Eye - Red Without Pus
Eye - Swelling
Fainting
Fever
Fever - How to Take the Temperature
Fever - Myths Versus Facts
Fifth Disease
Finger Injury
Fire Ant Sting
Flu
Fluid Intake Decreased
Food Allergy
Foreskin Care Questions
Frostbite
Genital Injury - Female
Genital Injury - Male
Hair Loss
Hand-Foot-And-Mouth Disease HFMD
Hay Fever
Head Injury
Headache
Heat Exposure and Reactions
Heat Rash
Hives
Human or Animal Bite
Immunization Reactions
Impetigo - Infected Sores
Infection Exposure Questions
Influenza - Seasonal
Influenza Exposure
Insect Bite
Jaundiced Newborn
Jellyfish Sting
Jock Itch
Leg Injury
Leg Pain
Lice - Head
Lymph Nodes - Swollen
Medication - Refusal to Take
Menstrual Cramps
Menstrual Period - Missed or Late
Mental Health Problems
Molluscum
Mosquito Bite
Mosquito-Borne Diseases from Travel
Motion Sickness
Mouth Injury
Mouth Ulcers
Neck Pain or Stiffness
Newborn Appearance Questions
Newborn Illness - How to Recognize
Newborn Rashes and Birthmarks
Newborn Reflexes and Behavior
Nose Allergy Hay Fever
Nose Injury
Nosebleed
Penis-Scrotum Symptoms
Pinworms
Poison Ivy - Oak - Sumac
Puncture Wound
Rash or Redness - Localized
Rash or Redness - Widespread
Reflux Spitting Up
Ringworm
Roseola
Scabies
Scorpion Sting
Scrape
Sinus Pain or Congestion
Skin Foreign Body or Object
Skin Injury
Skin Lump
Sliver or Splinter
Sore Throat
Spider Bite
Spitting Up - Reflux
Stomach Pain - Female
Stomach Pain - Male
Stools - Blood In
Stools - Unusual Color
Strep Throat Exposure
Strep Throat Infection
Sty
Sunburn
Suture Questions
Swallowed Foreign Body or Object
Swallowed Harmless Substance
Swimmer's Itch - Lakes and Oceans
Tear Duct - Blocked
Teething
Thrush
Tick Bite
Toe Injury
Toenail - Ingrown
Tooth Injury
Toothache
Umbilical Cord Symptoms
Urinary Tract Infection - Female
Urination Pain - Female
Urination Pain - Male
Vaginal Bleeding
Vaginal Symptoms
Vomiting With Diarrhea
Vomiting Without Diarrhea
Warts
Wheezing Other Than Asthma
Wound Infection

Resources

Is Your Child Sick?TM


Acne

Is this your child's symptom?

  • Pimples and blackheads on the face caused by blocked oil glands

Symptoms of Acne

  • Whiteheads (pimples) are plugged oil glands that are closed.
  • Blackheads are plugged oil glands that are open. Reason: The oil turns black when it is exposed to air.
  • Whiteheads and blackheads are also called "zits."
  • Red bumps are from blocked oil glands that have leaked oil. This causes irritation in the skin around them. Larger red bumps can be quite painful.
  • Acne mainly appears on your face, neck, and shoulders

Causes of Acne

  • Acne skin changes are from plugged oil glands. Acne has several causes.
  • Increased levels of hormones during puberty have a part. Heredity also plays an important role.
  • Some skin bacteria can make it worse.
  • Acne is not caused by diet. You do not need to avoid eating fried foods, chocolate, or any other food.
  • Acne is not caused by dirt or by not washing your face often enough.

When to Call for Acne

When to Call for Acne

Call Doctor or Seek Care Now

  • Spreading red area around the acne with fever
  • Spreading red area or streak that's very large
  • Your child looks or acts very sick

Call Doctor Within 24 Hours

  • Spreading red area or streak around the acne, but no fever
  • You think your child needs to be seen

Call Doctor During Office Hours

  • Tender red lumps that are large occur
  • Yellow soft scab that drains pus or gets bigger occurs
  • After treating with Benzoyl Peroxide (BP) for 2 months, acne not improved
  • BP makes the face itchy or swollen
  • You have other questions or concerns

Self Care at Home

  • Mild acne

Call Doctor or Seek Care Now

  • Spreading red area around the acne with fever
  • Spreading red area or streak that's very large
  • Your child looks or acts very sick

Call Doctor Within 24 Hours

  • Spreading red area or streak around the acne, but no fever
  • You think your child needs to be seen

Call Doctor During Office Hours

  • Tender red lumps that are large occur
  • Yellow soft scab that drains pus or gets bigger occurs
  • After treating with Benzoyl Peroxide (BP) for 2 months, acne not improved
  • BP makes the face itchy or swollen
  • You have other questions or concerns

Self Care at Home

  • Mild acne

Care Advice for Acne

  1. What You Should Know About Acne:
    • More than 90% of teenagers have some acne. Acne is a normal part of the teen years.
    • There is no medicine at this time that will cure acne.
    • However, good skin care can keep acne under control and at a mild level.
    • Here is some care advice that should help.
  2. Benzoyl Peroxide Gel:
    • Benzoyl Peroxide (BP) is the best OTC medicine for bringing acne under control. Use a Benzoyl Peroxide 5% gel product (such as the store brand). OTC means no prescription is needed.
    • It helps to open pimples and to unplug blackheads. It also kills bacteria.
    • Apply the lotion once a day at bedtime to the area with acne. Redheads and blonds should apply it every other day for the first 2 weeks. Reason: More sensitive skin.
    • Use an amount of lotion the size of a pea. This should be enough to cover most of the acne.
    • If the skin becomes red or peels, use less of it. Other option: You can use it less often.
    • Caution: Avoid the corners of the eyes, nose and mouth. Reason: These areas are very sensitive.
    • Caution: Benzoyl Peroxide bleaches clothing, towels, blankets, etc. Apply it only at bedtime and put it on sparingly. Use a plain white pillowcase.
  3. Antibiotics for Red Bumps:
    • Large red bumps mean the infection has spread beyond the oil gland. If you have several red bumps, your doctor may prescribe an antibiotic.
    • Antibiotics come as solutions for the skin or as pills.
    • The antibiotic will kill the bacteria that are causing the infection.
    • Give the antibiotic as directed.
  4. Washing the Face:
    • Wash your skin twice a day. The most important time to wash is bedtime. Just use warm water or you can use a mild soap (such as Dove).
    • Shampoo your hair daily.
    • Avoid scrubbing your skin. Reason: Hard scrubbing of the skin irritates the openings of the oil glands. This causes them to close off even more tightly.
  5. Pimple Opening:
    • Opening (popping) pimples is not advised by many doctors. But, most teens and adults do it anyway.
    • So, here's how to open a pimple safely without any squeezing.
    • Never open a pimple before it has come to a head.
    • Wash your face and hands first.
    • Use a sterile needle (cleaned with rubbing alcohol). Nick the surface of the yellow pimple with the tip of the needle. The pus should run out without squeezing.
    • Wipe away the pus and wash the area with soap and water.
    • Opening small pimples in this way will not cause skin damage.
  6. Avoid Picking or Squeezing Acne:
    • Many young people pick at their acne when they are not thinking about it. Picking makes acne worse.
    • Try not to touch the face at all during the day.
    • Squeezing blackheads causes bleeding into the skin. The bleeding turns into brownish blotches on the skin. They can take 1 or 2 months to fade.
    • Squeezing red lumps can force bacteria into the skin. This too leaves blotches. It can also cause a serious face infection.
  7. Prevention - Avoid Triggers of Acne:
    • Avoid putting any oily or greasy substances on your face. Reason: They block oil glands and make acne worse. If you use cosmetics, use water-based cosmetics.
    • Avoid hair tonics or hair creams (especially greasy ones). When you sweat, they will get on the face and irritate the acne.
  8. What to Expect:
    • With treatment, new whiteheads and blackheads will decrease. But, it takes 6 to 8 weeks.
    • Acne usually lasts until age 20 or 25.
    • So, you will need to continue the treatment for several years.
    • You don't need to worry about scarring. It is very rare for acne to leave any scars.
  9. Call Your Doctor If:
    • With treatment, the acne has not improved after 2 months
    • It looks infected (large, red, tender bumps)
    • You think your child needs to be seen
    • Your child becomes worse

And remember, contact your doctor if your child develops any of the 'Call Your Doctor' symptoms.

Disclaimer: this health information is for educational purposes only. You, the reader, assume full responsibility for how you choose to use it.


Copyright 2000-2018. Schmitt Pediatric Guidelines LLC.

Baby Acne

This shows baby (neonatal) acne on the cheeks and side of the face. There are red and white raised bumps.

Select from over 100 symptoms to learn about managing your child's illness.